# South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP)

October 9, 2008, 11:34 am
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South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP) is an inter-governmental organization, established in 1982 by the governments of South Asia to promote and support protection, management and enhancement of the environment in the region

SACEP member countries are Afghanistan , Bangladesh , Bhutan , India , Maldives , Nepal , Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

South Asia is one of the most diverse regions in the world. Bordered to the north by the Himalayas and to the south by the Indian Ocean, covers a diversity of ecosystems from lush tropical forest to harsh, dry desert. It is also one of the most populous regions, with over 1 billion people living in India alone. Although never remounted as a single country, the movements of peoples over thousands of years has resulted in strong commonalities between cultures. Yet there remains a huge diversity of languages, religions and outlooks across the sub-continent. . Most of the South Asian nations share many similar environmental problems, stemming from poverty and its consequences on natural resources. According to the World Bank, during the past decade, South Asia has been the second fastest economically growing region in the world, and their efforts at increased production have put increasing pressure on natural resources and the environment. Significant natural resource concerns of the region include depletion of water quality and quantity, dwindling forests and coastal resources, and soil degradation resulting from nutrient depletion and salinization

Many countries of the region have taken actions for the protection and management of the environment. They are also party to many multilateral environmental agreements requiring them to work cooperatively for the mitigation of concern issues. SACEP supports national government's efforts for environmental protection and sustainable development

Since its creation, SACEP has implemented a number of projects and programmes in the areas of environment education, environment legislation, biodiversity, air pollution, and the protection and management of the coastal environment. SACEP is also secretariat for the South Asian Seas Programme.
The Malé Declaration on control and prevention of air pollution and its likely transboundary effects for South Asia is another significant efforts which encourages intergovernmental cooperation to combat the transboundary air pollution problem

Some of the salient attributes of South Asia are as follows:

 The region covers almost one twentieth of the earth's surface and provides a home for about one fifth of the world population The degree of urbanization in 1999 ranged from 7 percent in Bhutan to 33 percent in Pakistan . Mumbai, Calcutta , Delhi , Karachi and Dhaka are fast growing cities with population more than 10 million Over 30 percent of the population earns less than one dollar per day and the per capita GNP for 1998 ranged from US$210 to 130. It is US$ 210 in Nepal to 1,130 in Maldives Although the economies of the countries are primarily agricultural, industrialization has increased during the past decade. South asia is home to 14 percent of the world's remaining mangrove forests and the sundarbans found between Bangladesh and India is one of the largest continuous mangrove stretch in the world . 6 percent of the world's coral reefs are in the South Asian seas. The atolls of Maldives and Lakshadweep islands of the region, are biodiversity rich marine habitats. Hindu Kush Himalayan belt is home to over 25,000 major plant species, comprising 10 percent of the world's flora. The region is prone to natural disasters such as cyclones, floods and landslides. From 1990-1999, the region accounted for over 60 percent of disaster-related deaths worldwide.
Glossary

### Citation

Braasch, G. (2008). South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP). Retrieved from http://www.trunity.net/worldglobalwarming/view/article/134731