Exploring the tightly coupled relationship between nitrogen, carbon, and water in terrestrial ecosystems unites three researchers in a multidisciplinary...
Synergistic ScienceLast Updated on 2012-11-19 00:00:00Synergistic Science
Exploring the tightly coupled relationship between nitrogen, carbon, and water in terrestrial ecosystems unites three researchers in a multidisciplinary project
OF THE PROPOSAL from NASA's Earth Science program recently won by Earth Systems Research Center scientists Scott Ollinger, Jingfeng Xiao, and Heidi Asbjornsen, it could be said that their recipe for success was to just add water.
The study, titled "Exploring relationships among water use efficiency, canopy nitrogen and carbon cycling across North American ecosystems to improve land surface models," is a direct follow-on to groundbreaking remote sensing work Ollinger led several years ago that investigated the relationship between leaf nitrogen content, carbon sequestration, and albedo, or surface reflectivity.
The earlier project found that forests with high levels of leaf nitrogen may have a two-fold effect... More »
NSF Grant Will Create Network to Prepare Roads, Bridges for Changing ClimateLast Updated on 2012-11-19 00:00:00
DURHAM, N.H. – As our climate changes, will roadways built to withstand New England winters hold up to increasingly normal Maryland-like summers? If sea levels rise, will ships still be able to pass under bridges? How will the bridges themselves survive more powerful storms?
A new National Science Foundation grant led by researchers from the University of New Hampshire hopes to jumpstart our ability to answer these questions by bridging the knowledge gap between climate scientists, who understand where the Earth’s climate is headed in the future, and the civil engineers and transportation officials who help build those roads and bridges today. The four-year grant, through the NSF’s Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability (SEES) – Research Coordination Networks (RCN) program, is for $750,000.
“This grant aims to fill a very big void in the field,”... More »
Composing an Aquatic SymphonyLast Updated on 2012-11-19 00:00:00Composing an Aquatic Symphony
Earth Systems Research Center projects will provide unprecedented insight into
IN A MEMORABLE SCENE from the movie "Amadeus," Emperor Joseph II tells an incredulous Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart that although the young composer's symphony he'd just premiered was indeed ingenious, it simply had "too many notes" to digest in one sitting.
On the contrary, scientist Wil Wollheim is hoping a current NOAA/New Hampshire Sea Grant-funded project he's heading up will provide a rare cascade of "notes" to allow composition of what he calls an "aquatic symphony." Such a score would be rich in scientific detail and provide unprecedented insight into the chemical and physical processes of stream and river networks.
The symphony will be made possible by a suite of state-of-the-art underwater sensors Wollheim and colleagues are strategically deploying... More »
Protecting Water Quality for Now and the FutureLast Updated on 2012-11-01 16:05:32
What effect do people have on water quality?
That’s the central question underlying the work of UNH Environmental Science Professor Bill McDowell, who studies suburban watersheds in southern New Hampshire. “We’re trying to understand how characteristics of the landscape affect the water quality in a stream,” says McDowell, whose research also has taken him to Puerto Rico and the Czech Republic. “Much of our work in New Hampshire is focused on the impact of suburbanization and urbanization on water quality.”
For good reason: The state’s population has grown steadily over the past three decades, especially in the Seacoast region, leading to changes in land use as farms and undisturbed areas have been replaced by buildings and pavement. (In fact, according to recent U.S. Census data, New Hampshire ranks first among all New England states in its development rate.) At... More »
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