Biodiversity in general, and agro-biodiversity in particular, is the basis for human survival. We are strongly dependent on ecosystem services provided freely by nature and its biodiversity, especially in terms of food and revenue. Many of these services are public goods, and as such they do not have a market price. As a result, their loss is often not detected by our current market system.
A variety of pressures resulting from population growth, changing diets, urbanization, and climate change is causing additional strain on ecosystem conservation (e.g. farm land from cleared forests), and this contributes to accelerating ecosystem degradation and biodiversity decline. The awareness on loss of biodiversity and the conflicting uses of environmental services underline the need for a well thought-out management of natural resource utilization in sensitive areas, accounting for both, environmental and basic human needs.
It is, therefore, increasingly important to draw attention to the global social and economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions moving forward.
Important collections of crop diversity face urgent and chronic funding shortages. These shortages can lead to loss of diversity, the very building blocks on which adaptive...
Global Crop Biodiversity TrustLast Updated on 2011-02-25 00:00:00
Important collections of crop diversity face urgent and chronic funding shortages. These shortages can lead to loss of diversity, the very building blocks on which adaptive and productive agriculture depends. The sole global response to this threat is the Global Crop Diversity Trust.
The Trust is a unique public-private partnership raising funds from individual, corporate and government donors to establish an endowment fund that will provide complete and continuous funding for key crop collections, in eternity.
In line with the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources and the Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, our goal is to advance an efficient and sustainable global system of ex situ conservation by promoting the rescue, understanding, use and long-term conservation of... More »
Celebrating International Year of ForestsLast Updated on 2011-02-11 00:00:00GEF Joins Global Campaign Celebrating International Year of Forests
GEF largest provider of grants todeveloping countries for forest management and conservation
New York/Washington DC, February 2, 2011 - The Global Environment Facility (GEF), in partnership with a network of public and private funders today helped launch a new United Nations effort celebrating the importance of forests in promoting and protecting sustainable development.
The International Year of Forests initiative will highlight ways the GEF and other stakeholders connected with the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) work with countries to manage, conserve and restore local resources for long lasting environmental and economic benefits.
The GEF has a unique and pivotal role in forest financing: the GEF serves as the financial mechanism of the three Rio conventions that all emphasize the importance... More »
Biodiversity Loss: Detrimental to Health Last Updated on 2010-12-02 00:00:00Biodiversity Loss:
Detrimental to Your Health
Plant and animal extinctions are detrimental to your health.
That's the conclusion of a paper published in this week's issue of the journal Nature by scientists who studied the link between biodiversity and infectious diseases.
Species loss in ecosystems such as forests and fields results in increases in pathogens, or disease-causing organisms, the researchers found.
Read More . . . More »
Commons MonitoringLast Updated on 2010-11-11 00:00:00Voluntary Cooperation and
Monitoring Lead to Success
EurekAlert reports on forest commons management research from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology:
Many imminent problems facing the world today, such as deforestation, overfishing, or climate change, can be described as commons problems. The solution to these problems requires cooperation from hundreds and thousands of people. Such large scale cooperation, however, is plagued by the infamous cooperation dilemma. According to the standard prediction, in which each individual follows only his own interests, large-scale cooperation is impossible because free riders enjoy common benefits without bearing the cost of their provision. Yet, extensive field evidence indicates that many communities are able to manage their commons, albeit with varying degrees of success. How do we explain this variation in management... More »
IPCC for Biodiversity?Last Updated on 2010-06-28 00:00:00Wanted: an IPCC for biodiversity
Q: Are the recommendations offered in this Editorial reasonable and feasible? What perspective can you add to this discussion?
An independent, international science panel would
coordinate and highlight research on a pressing topic.
An Editorial posted in Nature on June 3, 2010, calls for the consttution of a fact-finding panel on biological diversity threats, needs and futures:
The 2006 review of the economics of climate change, chaired by economist Nicholas Stern, served as a wake-up call to the need to respond to long-term climatic risks. Similarly, the final report of the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity study, due this October, is touted as a 'Stern review for nature'. It will no doubt make a grim read that presents the massive price of biodiversity loss, and the destruction of ecosystems and the services they... More »
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