All climate-sensitive systems of society and the natural environment, including agriculture, water resources (water is commonly becoming the new oil and agriculture is one of the key ways in which this crucial resource becomes unevenly allocated), forestry, human health, coastal settlements, and natural ecosystems, will need to adapt to a changing climate or possibly face diminished productivity and health. However, some degree of future climate change will occur regardless of how stringent future mitigation policies will be.
Adapting to or coping with climate change will therefore become necessary in certain regions and for certain socioeconomic and environmental systems. Adaptation options can involve a range of actions, such as investment in flood protection, planting different crops, and early warning systems. They need to include actions by producers, industry and policy makers. However, adaptation alone is not expected to cope with all the projected effects of climate change, and especially not over the long term as most impacts increase in magnitude. Therefore, both mitigation and adaptation will need to be considered. Adaptation to climate change, which is particularly important in some developing countries, is now recognized as a complementary response to mitigation strategies.
Climate change will also present crop producers with both opportunities and risks. It is likely to lead to a decrease in agricultural activities, to a greater risk of crop yields and losses in quality of crops in many regions leading to an unstable economic and social situation. In many countries, farmers are already responding to climate change, but the magnitude and complexity of climate change-related extreme events (such as violent storms, changing rainfall patterns and the arrival of new pests and diseases), will challenge their adaptive capacity.
Adaptation activities on cropland management can also simultaneously deliver mitigation effects, such as more diversified crop rotations and farm activities. Cropland management and grassland management represent today the highest global biophysical mitigation potential of agriculture.
Nutritional Security is in the Balance
On SciDev.Net (20 January 2010), Suresh Babu notes that worldwide many are priced out of nutrition (that is, poor populations cope with...
Agricultural success from AfricaLast Updated on 2011-10-14 00:00:00
You are invited to present your perspective on the potential value of fertilizer tree systems as described in the article featured in this blog posting.
In response to the declining soil fertility in southern Africa and the negative effects that this leads to, such as food insecurity besides other developmental challenges, fertilizer tree systems (FTS) were developed as technological innovation to help smallholder farmers to build soil organic matter and fertility in a sustainable manner. In this paper, we trace the historical background and highlight the developmental phases and outcomes of the technology. The synthesis shows that FTS are inexpensive technologies that significantly raise crop yields, reduce food insecurity and enhance environmental services and resilience of agro-ecologies. Many of the achievements recorded with FTS
can be traced to some key factors: the... More »
Regional Changes in Farmland Area PredictedLast Updated on 2011-03-25 00:00:00Large Regional Changes in
Farmland Area Predicted
ScienceDaily reports on March 25, 2011, that:
The effects of climate change and population growth on agricultural land area vary from region to region, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers.
Regions with relative high latitudes -- China, Russia and the U.S. -- could see a significant increase in arable land in coming years, but Africa, Europe and India and South America could lose land area.
Civil and environmental engineering professor Ximing Cai and graduate student Xiao Zhang published their findings in the journal Environmental Research Letters.
While most other studies of climate change and agriculture have focused on projected crop yields, the Illinois researchers assessed global and regional land availability. Using international land and climate datasets and remote-sensing land-use maps,... More »
El Deterioro Patrimonial del Paisaje de la Huerta MediterráneaLast Updated on 2011-02-28 08:45:13Un estudio revela el deterioro patrimonial
del paisaje de la huerta mediterránea
Este comunicado está disponible en inglés.
El punto partida de la investigación son los recientes e intensos procesos de transformación de los regadíos tradicionales en el mundo mediterráneo y su incidencia en la degradación de unos paisajes valiosos desde el punto de vista productivo, patrimonial e identitario. La investigación aborda la relación entre agua y paisaje en las huertas, así como el tratamiento de sus valores patrimoniales en las actuaciones públicas. "Resulta imprescindible que la política hidráulica y los proyectos de modernización de las infraestructuras de riego, se diseñen partiendo del principio de la multifuncionalidad de los regadíos, asumido que la... More »
Global Crop Biodiversity TrustLast Updated on 2011-02-25 00:00:00
Important collections of crop diversity face urgent and chronic funding shortages. These shortages can lead to loss of diversity, the very building blocks on which adaptive and productive agriculture depends. The sole global response to this threat is the Global Crop Diversity Trust.
The Trust is a unique public-private partnership raising funds from individual, corporate and government donors to establish an endowment fund that will provide complete and continuous funding for key crop collections, in eternity.
In line with the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources and the Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, our goal is to advance an efficient and sustainable global system of ex situ conservation by promoting the rescue, understanding, use and long-term conservation of... More »
Celebrating International Year of ForestsLast Updated on 2011-02-11 00:00:00GEF Joins Global Campaign Celebrating International Year of Forests
GEF largest provider of grants todeveloping countries for forest management and conservation
New York/Washington DC, February 2, 2011 - The Global Environment Facility (GEF), in partnership with a network of public and private funders today helped launch a new United Nations effort celebrating the importance of forests in promoting and protecting sustainable development.
The International Year of Forests initiative will highlight ways the GEF and other stakeholders connected with the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) work with countries to manage, conserve and restore local resources for long lasting environmental and economic benefits.
The GEF has a unique and pivotal role in forest financing: the GEF serves as the financial mechanism of the three Rio conventions that all emphasize the importance... More »
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