Agriculture

The role of tropical fruit research in conservation and sustainability to meet the needs of the poor, women and youth employment, and to increase income.

September 4, 2009, 5:52 pm
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The role of tropical fruit research in conservation and sustainability to meet the needs of the poor, women and youth employment, and to increase income.

(Research, small projects; suggestions)

 

By Professor A. Badr

How can research and technical guidance play more important roles in the conservation and sustainability of tropical fruits so as to meet the needs of the poor and small farmers, and raise their standards of living?

1-The employment of horticultural tropical fruit research and food technology processing to meet needs of smallholders and poor.

        The idea innovated by the author in Alexandria, Egypt, Research Station beganacrossdirect field contact with small farmers during continuous farm visits to study problems thatface them to start research for solving such problems, and at the same time to provide farmers with the obtained research results to apply in their small scale. As an example, the author noticed some problems occurred in the farms. One of them was the falling of whole papaya trees bearing heavy yields of papaya: as a result of heavy rains and strong winds during winter months in the coastal area sandy soils which cause the appearance of surface roots and tree fall. On the other hand, in interior areas with heavy soils, rot and root damage cause trees to fall in the same period when rain increases and wind affects fallen of trees. At the moment, the idea came to mind to cooperate with food technology researcher to help small farmers who do not have facilities or enough money to protect their trees like big farmers who can use advanced or expensive technological methods. The horticultural research was done to study the fruit qualities of different growth stages and ages on the fallen trees to direct them for producing new products such as juice, jam, past across continuous food technology research to help farmers to get the benefit of the great amount of lost fruits by easy processing and increase income by suggesting small projects to help womento processing such products at home and for youth to work by using the seeds extracted from the processed fruits to grow new seedlings; and by initiating a small nursery with the lowest costs to give them the needed seedlings for their farm and to sell others to increase income. Also, this could be done during continuous selection of superior trees and fruits in different locations and environments. One of the papaya's growth problems is the difficult differentiation between male and female seeds before planting which cause the appearance of high number of male seedlings while it is known that only one male tree is needed for pollinating 12 female trees. So, the problem in the nursery or after transplanting to the field is that male trees were discovered after at least 1.5 years after appearance of male flowers,so farmers remove many of these male trees and leave the necessary number for pollination. This disturbs tree spacing and as well as farm performance; on the other hand, farmers loose their effort and money by removing male seedlings.

 

In the author's research (trying to solve the problem): by topping (removing the apical buds)for several monthsof the seedlings after the appearance of male flowers, the young trees were changed to females and produced fruits. The farmer applied the same procedure.

  

2-What can selection and breeding research does for sustainability and conservation?

 

     The most important thing is the selection of imported or local varieties tolerant to different environmental differences for the longest time.

 

This will be the next topic of discussion . . .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Citation

A, P. (2009). The role of tropical fruit research in conservation and sustainability to meet the needs of the poor, women and youth employment, and to increase income.. Retrieved from http://www.trunity.net/Agadir_Conference_2009/view/article/51cbeac47896bb431f685a7a

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